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STATEMENT ON BEHALF OF THE GROUP OF 77 AND CHINA BY H.E. AMBASSADOR JORGE ARGUELLO, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF ARGENTINA TO THE UNITED NATIONS AND CHAIR OF G77 AND CHINA AT THE STOCKTAKING PLENARY OF THE FOURTEENTH SESSION OF THE AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM COOPERATIVE ACTION UNDER THE CONVENTION (AWG- LCA) (Panama City, Panama, 7 October 2011)
1. I have the honor to speak on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
The Group of 77 and China associates itself to the tribute this room has paid to Nobel Laureate Wangari Maathai of Kenya, founder of the Green Belt Movement, a true visionary and an inspiration for us all.
2. The Group of 77 and China would like to once again thank the government and the people of Panama for their hospitality. The Group believes this resumed session has proved to be of great added value, with positive results in terms of making concrete progress in order to arrive in Durban with greater clarity, an improved mutual understanding and concrete texts to work on, in several cases.
3. We trust this will help us meet the high expectations for an outcome in Durban that ensures the fulfilment of the ultimate objective of the Convention, that is to say, “the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”.
4. Let me then reaffirm the strong commitment of the members of the Group of 77 and China to move forward in Durban in both tracks, based on some fundamental tenets:
5. Since this is a stocktaking meeting, I will try to be brief while covering the many issues under negotiation that need to be taken stock of.
6. The Group of 77 and China has expressed to you, Mr. Chairman that, although there has been indubitable progress in our work, a concern persists about the uneven progress in negotiations and the need for decisive leadership to ensure that all CRP from the parties are being discussed and that we have a positive basis for successful negotiations in Durban. We appreciate the efforts we have seen on your part and on behalf of your team of facilitators in this regard, specially during this past days. We trust we will see in Durban a fair and equal treatment of all issues that are important to all Parties. A serious imbalance in the progress of issues can clearly not be conducive to a successful outcome that is comprehensive and balanced.
7. The Group is ready to work on the draft negotiating texts on the very important issue of finance, those of the Standing Committee and Long-term finance, both crucial enabling means of implementation for developing countries. It is clear that without financing, including for technology development and transfer and capacity building, the extent to which developing country Parties will be able to effectively implement their commitment under the Convention will be directly affected. We aknowledge the flexibility shown by all Parties that in the end enabled us to make some progress, and trust this same constructive spirit will prevail in Durban.
8. The same applies to other new responsibilities, such as measurement, reporting and verification of NAMAs, that should be accompanied with clear indications of how much, how, and when new financial resources would be provided to developing countries. The oversight of the implementation of commitments related to financing, technology development and transfer and, in particular, adaptation should be ensured through the Standing Committee. Long-term finance would include the initial capitalization of the Green Climate Fund and its predictable financing so that it can become operational by COP 17 in Durban.
9. The Group is encouraged by the progress made regarding the adaptation committee. While many issues remain to be addressed in Durban, considerable advances have been made in this session and the good spirit achieved should enable us in our negotiations at COP17 to bring coherence to all adaption-related issues.
10. Regarding mitigation, the Group believes that the level of engagement in mitigation was positive specially in 1b(i) and 1b(ii), but insufficient in others, such as the social and economic consequences of response measures in 1b(vi). The Group of 77 and China is encouraged by the progress made in this resumed session and will continue to be engaged and work constructively to move forward, yet the Group wants to highlight the need for balance, both within mitigation and between mitigation and other building blocks, including adaptation and financing. The willingness of Parties to engage on concrete text in good faith must exist from all Parties and on all issues. This would be a definitive step towards the balance we want to achieve.
11. In connection to the discussions on the development and transfer of technologies, we are encouraged by the progress that has led to a consolidated text prepared from proposals by various groupings. The negotiations were positive, and we hope that the two outstanding issues remaining can be resolved in Durban, so that the Technology Mechanism can be fully operationalized.
12. Regarding various approaches under 1b(v), we have made progress in Panama and have text that represents good guidance for Durban. This is the first time that we have a text that reflects Parties' views. We will need further flexibility in order to make progress. This area is critical for Durban and we have a lot of work ahead of us to bridge the differences.
13. The Group of 77 and China emphasizes the importance of the issue of economic and social consequences of response measures for all developing countries, and therefore, the need to give full consideration under the AWG-LCA to what actions are necessary to meet the specific needs and concerns of developing countries arising from the impact of the implementation of response measures. In this respect, the Group expresses its disappointment at the unwillingness of developed countries to make progress in Panama on this issue in the AWG-LCA, which lead to not having an outcome on this issue during this session.
14. You can continue to count with our full support and collaboration in your endeavors. The process is a complex one, but there is much to gain if all parties can continue to find ways to have agreements and to work positively and constructively to produce a balanced and comprehensive outcome in Durban.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
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